“Nobody Speak: Trials of the Free Press”, by Brian Knappenberger, confronts us with the problem that the wealthiest classes may try to silence the established press by secretly bankrolling litigation, and by secret hostile takeovers of media outlets.
The film does focus on the Fourth Estate, the credentialed press, as such. The viability of the Fifth (the amateur base) would make a subject for another documentary, I think, one that could focus on open access, for example.
The film focuses on two big events.
The first of these is the lawsuit Bollea vs. Gawker, by “Hulk Hogan” against Gawker media, and personally against several employees, for posting some of a private sex tape online. Some employees were bankrupted personally and had assets frozen by judgment. There is a scene where one younger male employee testifies (in Florida) flippantly about the idea of fictitious sex involving minors, an idea that helped bring down Milo Yiannopoulos this year, and affected a serious incident in 2005 when I worked as a substitute teacher, the details of which I have written about elsewhere. It also had an indirect effect on the 2016 elections, which the film gets into in its second half. A visit to today’s Gawker shell is well worth a visit and rather sobering. I do wonder about situations where individual speakers could be effectively silenced by aggressive litigation and bargaining, but that is another topic.
An important concept in the suit was whether Bollea’s conduct, as a WWE public figure, was newsworthy and generated a higher standard of proof from the plaintiff. This was technically a privacy case; similar ideas occur with defamation.
About 40 minutes into the film, the documentary introduces the clandestine role of gay Silicon Valley billionaire Peter Thiel in bankrolling the suit, as revenge for his being outed in 2007 by Gawker. In one humorous scene Thiel stumbles as he calls Gawker “sociopathic”. Thiel’s speech in Cleveland at the RNC is quoted, but I recall Thiel’s saying that the country (including LGBTQ people) has more pressing problems than bathroom bills. Indeed, Thiel has offered scholarships to young inventors to start businesses instead of finishing college. One of these went to nuclear fusion power inventor Taylor Wilson, now 23, very much in the clean energy business (which Trump has sidestepped) but also new levels of port security. (Sorry, some “inventors” do need to finish college: Jack Andraka will have to finish medical school to become a cancer researcher; both Wilson and Andraka would deserve their own documentary feature films, as Andraka especially fits into the open access debate). The film shows Thiel with a chessboard, and indeed he is an accomplished tournament competitor, preferring direct attacking openings starting with 1 e4 (as did Bobby Fischer); he could probably be a real challenge for Magnus Carlsen to beat.
But the film focuses on the fact that Thiel’s backing of the litigation occurred in secret for a while. So we have powerful business people (even in the LGBTQ community) silencing forces that oppose them. Trump is not the only one. This happens on the Left as well as the Right.
For its last third, the film shifts its narrative to Las Vegas, and the clandestine purchase of the Las Vegas Review Journal by the family of self-made billionaire Sheldon Adelson who then reportedly influenced what would be published about high-roller developers.
The film covers Donald Trump’s particular vilification of the established media as an enemy. His speech about opening up libel laws (to resemble those in England where the defendant has to prove truth) is quoted. Presumably Trump sees journalists as “watchers” or “spectators” who don’t put their own skin in the game; but curiously, despite his reported disdain for computers, he loves Twitters and doesn’t seem to show the same disdain for journalists from smaller companies (like OAN) or independent bloggers.
The Journal Review I believe is the same paper that was involved with “copyright troll” Righhaven starting in 2010. The law firm bought rights to articles from various smaller client newspapers (“champerty”) and then sued even low-level bloggers who allegedly violated copyright in various trivial ways. At the time, there was a theory that bloggers were destroying small newspapers. I’ve covered the development with a Blogger label here. Note the coverage in the Journal Review and in Arstechnica.
Director QA (some technical problems with feedback):
|Name:||“Nobody Speak: Trials of the Free Press”|
|Director, writer:||Brian Knappenberger|
|When and how viewed:||2017 AFI-Docs, Landmark E St, Washington, 2017/6/16, sold out|
|Companies:||Luminant, Submarine, Netflix|
(Picture: Mine, 2012 trip in Las Vegas; 2015, Tampa Bay, near the litigation site; 2016, NYC midtown)